What is Biokinetics?Scope, Qualifications and Study

BIO + KINETICS = LIFE + MOVEMENT = LIFE THROUGH MOVEMENT

The Science of Movement and the application of exercise in rehabilitative treatment of performance.

Movement is an essential part of everyday life, depended on constantly by people of all ages. Movement affects development, learning, communicating, working, health, and quality of life. At the most basic level, movement permits people to navigate and to stay oriented within their environment. It is critical for most work and recreation and allows people to interact more fully. For these reasons, movement is a defining element of quality of life

Life is MovementMovement may be diminished or lost because of heredity, aging, injury, or disease. Such loss may occur gradually, over the course of a lifetime, or traumatically in an instant.

Conditions of movement loss that are linked with chronic and disabling diseases pose additional challenges for patients and their families. From the public health perspective, the prevention of either the initial impairment or additional impairment from this environmentally orienting and socially connecting functioning requires significant resources.

Prevention of movement loss or the resulting disabling conditions through the development of improved disease prevention, detection, or treatment methods or more effective rehabilitative strategies must be a global priority.

The profession of Biokinetics has evolved as a primary care health profession responding to the universal need for quality, accessible, cost-effective health care. Biokineticists are widely distributed in communities around the world; they provide economic value for the services they offer; they detect a wide spectrum of conditions at a savings to the health care system; they provide entry into the health care system for many patients who would otherwise not seek care; they prepare our children for the competitive marketplace by assuring their physical fitness and preparedness for learning and achievement; they maximize employment productivity and benefit economic stability; and they promote quality of life and individual independence, rather than more costly institutionalized and supported care.

Biokinetics primary function is to improve physical functioning and health care through exercise as modality.

Biokinetics is the profession concerned with health promotion, the maintenance of physical abilities and final phase rehabilitation, by means of scientifically-based physical activity programme prescription

A Biokineticist is a clinical exercise specialist who:

  • Functions within professional alliance to health and medicine, and is recognised by and registered with the Health Professions Council of South Africa.
  • Improves a person’s physical wellbeing and quality of life through individualised scientific assessment and the prescription of exercise in rehabilitative treatment to prevent or intervene with certain ailments and the enhancement of performance (sport and work).
  • Evaluates & Measures: body posture, body composition, blood pressure, glucose levels, lung function, heart rate, fitness, muscle strength, endurance, power, flexibility and other health screenings.
  • Is a health professional who through health promotion and wellness create a better quality of life for people they work with?

Scope of Biokinetics

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH

 

No. R.1746 14 October 1994

THE SOUTH AFRICAN MEDICAL AND DENTAL COUNCIL

REGULATIONS DEFINING THE SCOPE OF THE PROFESSION OF BIOKINETICS

The Minister of Health has, in terms of section 33(1) of the Medical, Dental and Supplementary Health Service Professions Act, 1974 (Act No. 56 of 1974), on the recommendation of the South African Medical and Dental Council, made the regulations in the Schedule.

SCHEDULE

1. In these regulations "the Act" means the Medical, Dental and Supplementary Health Service Professions Act, 1974 (Act No. 56 of 1974), and any expression to which a meaning has been assigned in the Act shall bear such meaning, and unless the context otherwise indicates -

"Biokinetics" means the profession concerned with preventive health care, the maintenance of physical abilities and final phase rehabilitation, by means of scientifically-based physical activity programmes;

"biokineticist" means a person registered under article 32(1)(a) of the Act as a biokineticist;

"scientifically-based physical activity programmes" means specific and individual-oriented physical training programmes based on the individual's physical condition and compiled and supervised;

"final phase rehabilitation" means the period or phase in the rehabilitation process in which physical activity and physical conditioning constitute the primary therapeutic modality;

 

2. The following acts of a biokineticist shall, for the purposes of the Act, be deemed to be acts that pertain especially to the profession of biokinetics:

(1) Promotion of physical abilities, prevention of certain ailments, and physical selection:

(a) Recording of general history with a view to determining the risks of exercise (if any) for the individual.

(b) Evaluation: Physical work capacity test: Determination of physical work capacity with the aid of a cycle ergometer or treadmill, monitoring equipment and available associated equipment to arrive at and determine an effective and safe excercise level for an excercise programme prescription using the following tests:

(i) Monitoring of heart rate with an electrocardiograph or heart rate monitor during multistage workloads.

(ii) Measurements of blood pressure and other physiological responses before, during and after work.

(iii) Measurement of range of motion and muscle strength.

(iv) Evaluation of body posture and body composition.

(c) Exercise programme prescription: Prescription, follow-up of and guidance of specific excercise programmes.

(d) Physical selection: Evaluation of and excercise programme prescription for special groups and professions.

 

(2) Final phase rehabilitation: Musculoskeletal system:

(a) Functional ergological assessment: The assessment of the affected limb or body part to determine the functional limitations with the aid of the following:

(i) Specific history of the condition and previous treatment, and a general medical history.

(ii) Specific assessment of the affected limb or body part. This includes the manual determination of:

- range of motion;

- muscle strength; and

- flexibility.

(iii) Analysis of posture.

(iv) Specialised tests for muscle strength, muscle exhaustion and range of motion of joints by means of the assessment of torque, muscle, work, ratios between antagonistic muscle groups with regard to torque and work, bilateral comparisons with regard to torque and work, range of motion and extent and position of restriction resulting from injury or deviation.

 

- Knee: Flexion/extension: bilateral
- Ankle: Dorsi/plantar flexion: bilateral
Inversion/eversion: bilateral
- Shoulder: Abduction/adduction: bilateral
Extension/flexion: bilateral
- Elbow: Extension/flexion: bilateral
- Hip: Abduction/adduction: bilateral
Extension/flexion: bilateral
- Wrist: Extension/flexion: bilateral
Pronation/supination: bilateral
- Back: Flexion/extension: bilateral
Rotation
Lateral flexion/extension

(b) Rehabilitation programme prescription: Orthopaedic final phase rehabilitation programme prescription. Taking the patient through rehabilitation programme prescription.

(c) Rehabilitation session: Orthopaedic final phase rehabilitation session.

(d) Rehabilitation session on specialised equipment: Final phase rehabilitation with the aid of electronic-hydraulic isokinetic systems.

 

(3) Final phase rehabilitation: Medical conditions:

(a) Functional assessment:

(i) General history with a view to determining the risks of exercise for the patient.

(ii) Physical work capacity test: The determination of physical work capacity with the aid of a cycle ergometer or treadmill, monitor equipment and available associated equipment to determine an effective and safe final phase rehabilitation programme prescription using the following tests:

(aa) Monitoring of heart rate by means of an electrocardiograph or heart rate monitor during multistage workloads.

(bb) Measurement of blood pressure and other physiological responses before, during and after workloads.

(b) Rehabilitation programme prescription: Final phase rehabilitation programme prescription for specific medical conditions.

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Rules and Regulations/Regs/Regs/R1746 Scope BK 2003/06-03

 

AFRIKAANSE WEERGAWE

 

DEPARTEMENT VAN GESONDHEID

 

No. R.1746 14 Oktober 1994

DIE SUID-AFRIKAANSE GENEESKUNDIGE EN TANDHEELKUNDIGE RAAD

REGULASIES WAT DIE OMVANG VAN DIE BEROEP BIOKINETIKA OMSKRYF

Die Minister van Gesondheid het, op aanbeveling van die Suid-Afrikaanse Geneeskundige en Tandheelkundige Raad, kragtens artikel 33(1) van die Wet op Geneeshere, Tandartse en Aanvullende Gesondheidsdiensberoepe, 1974 (Wet No. 56 van 1974), die regulasies in die Bylae uitgevaardig.

BYLAE

1. In hierdie regulasies beteken "die Wet" die Wet op Geneeshere, Tandartse en Aanvullende Gesondheidsdiensberoepe, 1974 (Wet No. 56 van 1974), en het enige uitdrukking waaraan 'n betekenis in die Wet geheg is daardie betekenis en, tensy uit die samehang anders blyk, beteken -

"biokinetika" die beroep wat betrokke is by voorkomende gesondheidsorg, die instand-houding van fisieke vermoëns en finale fase rehabilitasie, deur gebruikmaking van wetenskaplike gefundeerde fisieke aktiwi-teitsprogramme;

"biokinetikus" 'n persoon wat kragtens artikel 32(1)(a) van die Wet as 'n biokinetikus geregistreer is;

"wetenskaplik gefundeerde fisieke aktiwiteitsprogramme" spesifieke en individueel gerigte fisieke inoefeningsprogramme op die individu se fisieke toestand gebaseer wat opgestel en waaroor toesig gehou word;

"Finale fase rehabilitasie" die tydperk of fase in die rehabilitasieproses waartydens fisieke aktiwiteite en fisieke kondisionering die primêre terapeutiese modaliteit vorm;

 

2. Die volgende handeling van biokinetici word vir die toepassing van die Wet geag handelinge te wees wat by die beroep biokinetika tuishoort:

(1) Bevordering van fisieke vermoëns, voorkoming van bepaalde siektetoestande, en fisieke keuring:

(a) Algemene geskiedenisopname met die doel om die oefenrisiko's (indien daar is) vir die individue te bepaal.

(b) Evaluering: Fisieke werkvermoëtoets: Bepaling met behulp van 'n fietsergometer of trapmeul, monitorapparaat en beskikbare verwante apparaat ten einde vir 'n oefen-programvoorskrif 'n effektiewe en veilige oefeningsvlak daar te stel wat bepaal word met behulp van die volgende toetse:

(i) Monitering van harttempo deur middel van 'n elektrokardiograaf of harttempomonitor tydens meervlakkige werkladings.

(ii) Meting van bloeddruk en ander fisiologiese response voor, tydens en na arbeid.

(iii) Meting van bewegingsomvang en spierkrag.

(iv) Ontleding van liggaamshouding en -samestelling.

(c) Oefenprogramvoorskrif: Voorskryf en opvolg van en begeleiding van spesifieke oefenprogramme.

(d) Fisieke seleksie: Evaluasie en oefenprogramvoorskrif vir spesiale groepe en beroepe.

 

(2) Finale fase rehabilitasie: Spierskeletale-stelsel:

(a) Funksionele ergologiese evaluering: Die evaluering van die aangetaste ledemaat of liggaamsdeel om die funksionele beperkinge te bepaal met behulp van die volgende:

(i) Spesifieke geskiedenis oor die toestand en vorige behandeling sowel as 'n algemene mediese geskiedenis.

(ii) Spesifieke evaluering van die aangetaste ledemaat of liggaamsarea. Dit sluit in die handdroliese bepaling van:

- bewegingsomvang;

- spierkrag; en

- soepelheid.

(iii) Ontleding van liggaamshouding.

(iv) Gespesialiseerde toetse vir spierkrag, spieruitputtings en gewrigs-bewegingsomvang deur middel van die evaluering van wringkrag, spierarbeid, verhoudings tussen antagonistiese spiergroepe ten opsigte van wringkrag en arbeid, bilaterale vergelykings ten opsigte van wringkrag en arbeid, bewegingsomvang en omvang en posisie van inkorting as gevolg van besering of afwyking.

- Knie: Fleksie/ekstensie: bilateraal
- Enkel: Dorsi-/plantaarfleksie: bilateraal
Inversie/eversie: bilateraal
- Skouer: Abduksie/adduksie: bilateraal
Ekstensie/fleksie: bilateraal
- Elmboog: Ekstensie/fleksie: bilateraal
- Heup: Abduksie/adduksie: bilateraal
Ekstensie/fleksie: bilateraal
- Gewrig: Ekstensie/fleksie: bilateraal
Pronasie/supinasie: bilateraal
- Rug: Fleksie/ekstensie
Rotasie
Laterale fleksie/ekstensie

(b) Rehabilitasieprogramvoorskrif: Ortopediese finale fase rehabilitasieprogram-voorskrif. Die begeleiding van die pasiënt deur die rehabilitasieprogramvoorskrif.

(c) Rehabilitasiesessie: Ortopediese finale fase rehabilitasiesessie.

(d) Rehabilitasiesessie op gespesialiseerde toerusting: Finale fase rehabilitasie met behulp van elektronies-hidroliese isokinetiese stelsels.

 

(3) Finale fase rehabilitasie: Mediese toestande:

(a) Funksionele evaluering:

(i) Algemene geskiedenis met die doel om die oefenrisiko's van die pasiënt te bepaal.

(ii) Fisieke werkvermoëtoets: Bepaling van fisieke werkvermoë met behulp van 'n fietsergometer of trapmeul, monitor-apparaat en beskikbare verwante apparaat ten einde 'n effektiewe en veilige oefeningsvlak vir 'n finale fase rehabilitasieprogramvoorskrif te bepaal met behulp van die volgende toetse:

(aa) Monitering van harttempo deur middel van 'n elektrokardio-graaf of harttempomonitor tydens meervlakkige werkladings.

(bb) Meting van bloeddruk en ander fisiologiese response voor, tydens en na arbeid.

(b) Rehabilitasieprogramvoorskrif: Finale fase rehabilitasieprogram vir spesifieke mediese toestande.

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Education and Qualifications

Biokinetics training entails four years of academic education (degree study) and two years of professional (internship) exposure. In the process, five years of training is required prior to registration as a Biokineticist with the Health Professions Council of South Africa.  See "Where to Study" tab to go to the University listings.

There are selective universities that are in the process of establishing a 4 year professional degree in Biokinetics, commencing 2017.

Entry requirement to study Biokinetics is graduate degree (3 years) in:  See "Where to Study" tab to go to the University listings.graduate

  • BA (Human Movement Science)
  • BSc (Sport Science)

Prospective students are subject to rigorous selection procedures prior to acceptance into the post-graduate Biokinetics program of training institutions. During this final year period of study the student is obliged to register as a student-in-training with both the Biokinetics Association of South Africa and the Health Professions Council of South Africa.

Biokinetics is a Postgraduate qualification offered at most universities as  ( See "Where to Study" tab to go to the University listings.)

  • BA Hons Biokinetics
  • BSc Hons Biokinetics

Professional preparation entails a two-year period of internship.

  • The first year of internship is conducted simultaneously with the student's final (fourth) year of academic preparation during the post-graduate (Honours) specialization in Biokinetics.
  • The subsequent (second) year of internship is conducted at an accredited Biokinetics Practice / Centre under the supervision of a registered Biokineticist. (See Accredited Practices under Member Area). During this year the intern is supervised and is subject to 6 monthly evaluations.
  • During the second year of internship the Biokinetics Intern is obliged to register as an intern with the Biokinetics Association of South Africa as well as the Health Professionals Council of SA.

The training to which an individual is exposed in the course of preparing to register as a Biokineticist is of such nature that it enables one to seek employment in a number of allied health-related fields. The scope of occupation is primarily dependent on the entrepreneurial initiative of the individual and includes practicing as a Biokineticist in the following environments, as listed alphabetically:

Education

  • Corporate Sector
  • Correctional Facilities
  • Elite and Professional Sport
  • Fire Services
  • Industry
  • Local Authorities
  • Military Bases
  • Military Hospitals
  • Police Services
  • Private Practices

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Where to study Biokinetics

The following Universities offer Biokinetics. For information on a specific university's program please visit their specific website.

UNIVERSITIES

Name
university_0010_pretoria
 university_0005_northwest
university_0006_stellenbosch
university_0004_kwazulu
university_0009_wits
university_0008_nelsonmandela
university_0007_tshwane
university_0001_johannesburg
zululand
university_0003_ufs
westcape
Venda

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